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Home » Books » Polymers and Plastics » Processing Methods » Powder molding

 
Self-healing Materials. Principles & Technology


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Self-healing Materials. Principles & Technology
Author: George Wypych
ISBN 978-1-927885-23-9

Published: 2017
Pages: 256 + vi
Figures: 203


Price: $285.00 + S&H
  • Summary
  • Table of Contents
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Self-healing phenomenon, adapted from living things, was for a long time an interesting topic of discussion on the potential improvements of human-made products, but for quite a while it became applicable reality useful in many manufactured product.

 

The book has three major sections organized in fifteen chapters. The first section contains chapter which discusses the well-established mechanisms of self-healing which can be potentially applied in the development of new materials that have an ability to repair themselves without or with minimal human intervention. All theoretical background required and known to-date to understand these principles is included in this section. The full chapter on chemical and physical changes which occur during self-healing are also discussed and it belongs to this section.

 

The second part of this book compares parameters of different self-healing technological processes. The process parameters discussed include fault detection mechanisms, methods of triggering and tuning of the healing processes, activation energy of self-healing processes, the means and methods of delivery of the healing substances to the defect location, self-healing timescale (rate of self-healing), and the extent of self-healing (healing efficiency, recovery of properties, etc.). Each of these topics is discussed in a separate chapter.

 

The third part is devoted to the mathematical modeling of the processes of self-healing (molecular dynamics simulation), the morphology of healed areas, and the discussion of application the most important analytical techniques to the evaluation of the self-healing process.

 

The final section of the book includes practical advice on the selection of additives for self-healing formulation, methods of self-healing of different polymers and application of self-healing technology in different groups of the products. This part is based on the practical knowledge, the existing patents, the published paper, and the practical application notes. Thirty polymers and twenty-seven groups of products are selected for this discussion based on their frequency of application of the technology of self-healing.

 

The expected audience for this book includes people working in the industries listed in chapter 15 and on the polymers listed in chapter 14 (see the table of contents below), university professors and students, those working on the reduction of wastes and recycling, and all environmental protection agencies. 

1 Introduction. Lessons from Living Things
2 Mechanisms of Self-healing 
2.1 Autonomic
2.2 Click chemistry 
2.3 Crosslinking 
2.4 Hydrogen bonding 
2.5 Luminescence 
2.6 Morphological features and organization 
2.7 Shape memory 
2.8 Thermal healing 
2.9 UV
2.10 Water 
2.11 Other mechanisms 
3 Chemical and Physical Processes Occurring During Self-healing of Polymers 
3.1 Chemical reactions
3.2 Compositional changes 
3.3 Physical processes 
3.4 Self-assembly5
4 Fault Detection Mechanisms 
5 Triggering and Tuning the Healing Processes 
6 Activation Energy of Self-healing 
7 Means of Delivery of Healant to the Defect Location 
7.1 Autonomous 
7.2 Capsule and vascular carriers 
7.3 Environmental conditions 
7.4 Liquid flow 
7.5 Magnetic force 
7.6 Manual injection 
8 Self-healing Timescale 
9 Self-healing Extent
10 Molecular Dynamics Simulation
11 Morphology of Healing
12 Selected Experimental Methods in Evaluation of Self-healing Efficiency 
12.1 X-ray computed tomography 
12.2 Raman correlation spectroscopy 
12.3 Raman spectroscopy 
12.4 Impedance spectroscopy 
12.5 Water permeability 
12.6 Surface energy 
13 Additives and Chemical Structures Used in Self-healing Technology 
13.1 Polymers 
13.1.1 Urea-formaldehyde resin 
13.1.2 Polydimethylsiloxane 
13.1.3 Ureidopyrimidinone derivatives 
13.1.4 Epoxy resins 
13.1.5 Polyaniline 
13.1.6 Polyurethane 
13.2 Capsule-based materials 
13.3 Catalysts 
13.4 Chemical structures 
13.5 Coupling agents 
13.6 Crosslinkers 
13.7 Fibers 
13.8 Magneto-responsive components 
13.9 Metal complexes 
13.10 Nanoparticles 
13.11 Plasticizers 
13.12 Solvents 
13.13 Vascular self-healing materials 
14 Self-healing of Different Polymers 
14.1 Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene 
14.2 Acrylic resin 
14.3 Alkyd resin 
14.4 Cellulose and its derivatives 
14.5 Chitosan 
14.6 Cyclodextrin 
14.7 Epoxy resin 
14.8 Ethylene-vinyl acetate 
14.9 Natural rubber 
14.10 Polybutadiene 
14.11 Poly(butyl acrylate) 
14.12 Polycyclooctene 
14.13 Poly(ε-caprolactone) 
14.14 Polydimethylsiloxane 
14.15 Poly(ethylene-co-methacrylic acid) 
14.16 Polyethylene 
14.17 Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) 
14.18 Polyimide 
14.19 Polyisobutylene 
14.20 Poly(lactic acid) 
14.21 Polymethylmethacrylate 
14.22 Poly(phenylene oxide) 
14.23 Polyphosphazene 
14.24 Polypropylene 
14.25 Polystyrene 
14.26 Polysulfide 
14.27 Polyurethanes 
14.28 Poly(vinyl alcohol) 
14.29 Poly(vinyl butyral) 
14.30 Poly(vinylidene difluoride) 
15 Self-healing in Different Products 
15.1 Adhesives 
15.2 Aerospace 
15.3 Asphalt pavement 
15.4 Automotive 
15.5 Cementitious materials 
15.6 Ceramic materials 
15.7 Coatings 
15.8 Composites 
15.9 Corrosion prevention 
15.10 Dental 
15.11 Electrical insulation 
15.12 Electronics 
15.13 Fabrics 
15.14 Fibers 
15.15 Film 
15.16 Foam 
15.17 Hydrogels 
15.18 Laminates 
15.19 Lubricating oils 
15.20 Medical devices 
15.21 Membranes 
15.22 Mortars
15.23 Pipes 
15.24 Sealants 
15.25 Solar cells 
15.26 Thermal barrier coatings 
15.27 Tires 
Index

George Wypych has a Ph. D. in chemical engineering. His professional expertise includes both university teaching (full professor) and research & development. He has published 17 books: PVC Plastisols, (University Press); Polyvinylchloride Degradation, (Elsevier); Polyvinylchloride Stabilization, (Elsevier); Polymer Modified Textile Materials, (Wiley & Sons); Handbook of Material Weathering, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Editions, (ChemTec Publishing); Handbook of Fillers, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Editions, (ChemTec Publishing); Recycling of PVC, (ChemTec Publishing); Weathering of Plastics. Testing to Mirror Real Life Performance, (Plastics Design Library), Handbook of Solvents, Handbook of Plasticizers, Handbook of Antistatics, Handbook of Antiblocking, Release, and Slip Additives (1st and 2nd Editions), PVC Degradation & Stabilization, PVC Formulary, Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization, Handbook of Biodeterioration, Biodegradation and Biostabilization, and Handbook of Polymers (all by ChemTec Publishing), 47 scientific papers, and he has obtained 16 patents. He specializes in polymer additives, polymer processing and formulation, material durability, and the development of sealants and coatings. He is included in the Dictionary of International Biography, Who's Who in Plastics and Polymers, Who's Who in Engineering, and was selected International Man of the Year 1996-1997 in recognition for his services to education.

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