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Home » Books » Polymers and Plastics » Additives » Impact modifiers

 
Reactive Processing of Polymers, 1999


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Reactive Processing of Polymers, 1999
Author: V P Begishev and A Ya Malkin
ISBN 1-895198-20-8

Published: 1999
225 pages, 118 figures, 6 tables

Price: $145.00 + S&H
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The main goal of this book is to discuss various technological methods of reactive processing of polymers with a special emphasis on production of large size articles. The book also shows methods of scaling up from laboratory to production stage by a combination of process modelling and application of modern analytical techniques to evaluate similarity of production on different scales.

This approach allows to shorten introduction of new products and design the energy efficient (environmentally-friendly) processes. The combination of physical analysis of process kinetics to elucidate data for evaluation of process similarities on different scales is very useful in setting process parameters on the most energy-efficient level and having a high production output. The proposed method allows to maximize throughput, minimize cost and ensure required quality of the final products.

This unique approach not only gives objective results required for precise evaluation of process kinetics but it is applied in the book to real systems used as examples of model application. To fulfil the above goals, the book begins with discussion of chemistry of reactive processes which are then discussed from the point of view of their modelling. The modelling considers that reactive processing is impacted by various opposing requirements of flow, polymerization rate, crystallization rate, heat flow, etc. This is the main advantage of the approach when used for process optimization. In the next section analytical control methods are evaluated for their usefulness in process monitoring. The final (and the largest chapter) discusses details of various technological methods of reactive processing by means of 70 diagrams clearly discussed and thus easy to understand. This interesting monograph is addressed to process engineers and scientists developing new products since both have to optimize their processes to obtain the most economical solution. But it also goes beyond reactive processing since problems of scaleup are common in entire chemical industry and this book shows the way how to control them, introduce new processes without long trials, and design technology which is cost-efficient and environmentally-friendly. All explained in easy to understand language.

The Method of Reactive Processing of Polymers (Lactam polymerization, Polymerization of monomers and oligomers with double bonds, Curing of unsaturated polyester resins, Curing of epoxy resins, Curing of phenolic-based compositions, Synthesis of polyurethane compounds, Curing of liquid rubbers and oligomers with functional groups, Curing of polysulphide oligomers, Curing of silicon-organic oligomers, Processing of oligomer-monomer mixtures, Processing of filled compositions) Modelling Reactive Processing of Polymers (Objectives of mathematical modeling, Kinetics of polymer synthesis, Kinetic models of lactam polymerization, General kinetic equation, Isothermal polymerization of -caprolactam, Polymerization of -dodecalactam, Synthesis of polybutenamide, Kinetic models of polyurethane synthesis, Kinetic models of curing of epoxy-based compounds, Kinetic models of curing of unsaturated polyesters, Non-isothermal polymerization in a batch-process reactor, Non-isothermal crystallization, Superimposed processes of polymerization and crystallization, Inverse kinetic problems, Changes in rheological properties of a reactive medium, Changes in rheological properties in the process of synthesis, Influence of shear rate on induction period in oligomer curing, Flow of reactive liquids, Residual stresses an strains, Physics of residual stresses in uniform materials, Modeling residual stresses in reactive processing, Residual stresses in amorphous materials, Residual stresses in crystallizable materials)

Research and Control Methods for Reactive Molding Processes (Control of relaxation properties in oligomer curing, Viscometric studies, Calorimetric methods, Thermal probe method)

Principles of Technology of Reactive Molding Technology (Preparing components (Preliminary operations), Engineering for open mold processes, General layout of a production unit, Component metering, Component mixing, Polymerization or solidification stage, Modeling processes in a mold during solidification, Casting into rotary molds, Technological basis, Hydrodynamic phenomena during molding in a rotary mold, Polymerization in a tube reactor, Flow without transition to the solid state, The role of radial distributions, "Hydrodynamic" molecular weight distribution, Polymer coating by spraying, Devices for spraying liquids, Reactive extrusion of profile parts, Frontal processes, Principles, Front development in superimposed processes, Reactive injection molding, General requirements for a composition used in the RIM-process, Plant layout for the process, Processing of reinforced composites, Modeling mold filling, Processability diagrams)

The Method of Reactive Processing of Polymers (Lactam polymerization, Polymerization of monomers and oligomers with double bonds, Curing of unsaturated polyester resins, Curing of epoxy resins, Curing of phenolic-based compositions, Synthesis of polyurethane compounds, Curing of liquid rubbers and oligomers with functional groups, Curing of polysulphide oligomers, Curing of silicon-organic oligomers, Processing of oligomer-monomer mixtures, Processing of filled compositions) Modelling Reactive Processing of Polymers (Objectives of mathematical modeling, Kinetics of polymer synthesis, Kinetic models of lactam polymerization, General kinetic equation, Isothermal polymerization of -caprolactam, Polymerization of -dodecalactam, Synthesis of polybutenamide, Kinetic models of polyurethane synthesis, Kinetic models of curing of epoxy-based compounds, Kinetic models of curing of unsaturated polyesters, Non-isothermal polymerization in a batch-process reactor, Non-isothermal crystallization, Superimposed processes of polymerization and crystallization, Inverse kinetic problems, Changes in rheological properties of a reactive medium, Changes in rheological properties in the process of synthesis, Influence of shear rate on induction period in oligomer curing, Flow of reactive liquids, Residual stresses an strains, Physics of residual stresses in uniform materials, Modeling residual stresses in reactive processing, Residual stresses in amorphous materials, Residual stresses in crystallizable materials)

Research and Control Methods for Reactive Molding Processes (Control of relaxation properties in oligomer curing, Viscometric studies, Calorimetric methods, Thermal probe method)

Principles of Technology of Reactive Molding Technology (Preparing components (Preliminary operations), Engineering for open mold processes, General layout of a production unit, Component metering, Component mixing, Polymerization or solidification stage, Modeling processes in a mold during solidification, Casting into rotary molds, Technological basis, Hydrodynamic phenomena during molding in a rotary mold, Polymerization in a tube reactor, Flow without transition to the solid state, The role of radial distributions, "Hydrodynamic" molecular weight distribution, Polymer coating by spraying, Devices for spraying liquids, Reactive extrusion of profile parts, Frontal processes, Principles, Front development in superimposed processes, Reactive injection molding, General requirements for a composition used in the RIM-process, Plant layout for the process, Processing of reinforced composites, Modeling mold filling, Processability diagrams)

 

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