This book shares developments in recycling in Germany and Italy. Most chapters are based on the research work conducted in the Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical Technology in Germany, contracted by the German Government to organize and investigate various aspects of recycling. Monograph emphasizes the importance of proper planning of the recycling process and the system design including all levels and links in the material cycle. Software, developed to monitor and optimize the entire process, and recycling logistics is used for car component recycling. Several chapters deal with various methods of waste processing, including pyrolysis, hydrogenation, composting, and conversion to a powder coating. Process descriptions permit comparison of various methods with respect to economy and end-result. The second part of the book addresses problems encountered in the disposal of various types of munitions. Germany has to dispose of enormous amounts of these materials, accumulated in Eastern Germany.